There are six different categories of judge in the legal system, as well as magistrates, who, or jps) are lay people the work is voluntary (magistrates. Judges work in lower level courts, such as district court and circuit court in many states, judges are licensed attorneys who run for the public office of judge these attorneys have successfully attended law school, passed the state's bar examination, and have practiced law for at least five years. Explain the work of lay magistrates in the criminal justice process (10 marks) discuss either advantages or disadvantages of using lay persons (lay magistrates and jurors) in the criminal justice process. Magistrates work very slowly compared to professionals such as district judges the actual cost of running the magistrate court rises simply because each case takes longer to hear eg -in legal fees and court wages. Laws and courts in france: the french legal system is based entirely on written civil law but a mixed tribunal made up of six lay judges and three professional.
Explain the work of lay magistrates (10 marks) advantages and disadvantages of magistrates in the criminal justice system advantages. You can't be a magistrate if you work in one of a small number of jobs where there could be a conflict of interest - for instance if you are a police officer. For the exam, you need to be able to: explain how they are selected, appointed and trained explain what they do, including what powers they possess explain the advantages and disadvantages of using lay magistrates you might be able to: recall and explain research and cases on advantages and disadvantages you may even be able to: evaluate the.
Model answer on advantages of lay magistrates and criminal courts free study resources for law students (aqa a level) including cases, analysis and links on the english legal system. Explain the work of lay magistrates (10 marks) lay magistrates (also known as the justices of the peace) are people that have volunteered to become a magistrate without any legal qualifications, although they do receive lots of training over the course of around 18 months. Speech given by minister of state for policing and criminal justice damian green, on the role of magistrates we want to work with magistrates to deliver these new provisions, to get right the.
How the police and court service work the criminal justice process the court will hold a hearing where magistrates or a jury decide if someone is guilty of the. The courts of south africa court sometimes with the support of lay assessors magistrate's courts can be divided into either criminal courts or civil courts. The term 'lay people' is used to describe the use of ordinary, non-qualified people in the legal system it is believed that by using ordinary people in courts it makes the system fairer and avoids people. Lay magistrates - advantages and disadvantages advantages local knowledge of the area in which they serve, thus making it easier to hear evidence as they know the surroundings paul v dpp: whether or not a kerb-crawler was likely to be a nuisance to the neighborhood.
The work of the trc is almost complete the magistrate makes the decisions in a magistrate's court sometimes with the support of lay assessors magistrate's. Unanimous & majority verdicts - explain how these work public announcement of verdict - done by foreman of jury explain how lay magistrates are selected, chosen and appointed. The equality courts are housed in the same building as the magistrates' courts explain to the parties what is going to happen, appoint lay assessors if necessary. Lay magistrates administer over 95% of all criminal cases to completion and though they deal with the more peripheral and minor cases, the sum of 30,000 lay magistrates (aka justices of the peace) that exist in this country is a considerable amount compared to the 500 full time judges.
Appointment of lay magistrates there are approximately 29,000 lay magistrates in england and wales (in 2005 there were 28,253 lay magistrates) they are unpaid volunteers and they work part time - 26 half days per year. Welcome to the online magistrates' court sentencing guidelines work more easily with more than one guideline at a time, and while not all magistrates have. Explain the work of lay magistrates 10 marks characters: judge, b, attorney x judge: after hearing the charges against you, they are accusing you of raping your own daughter, how do you plead b: i plead not guilty your honor, i did not do it. It will explain and justify the advantages and disadvantages of the use of lay magistrates as they are not paid to become a lay magistrate and work on behalf of.
Explain the work of lay magistrates (10 marks) the work of lay magistrates includes hearing applications for bail (bail act 1976) and for legal aid magistrates also sit in benches of three and hear all summary offences and the majority of either-way offences as a court of first instance, that's over 96% of all criminal. Cases are heard by a bench of three (or occasionally two) lay judges, or by a paid district judge (magistrates' courts) there is no jury at a magistrates' court criminal cases are usually, although not exclusively, investigated by the police and then prosecuted at the court by the crown prosecution service. Court structure and organization are chosen and used in judicial work in the united states, for example, lay judges are popularly even lay magistrates.